All educational programs are open to all qualified inmates; the Education Department provides:
Classes leading to diplomas and certificates in trades such as Carpentry, Electricity, Masonry and Auto Technology. A GED, minimum reading and math levels are required.
Individualized study programs ranging from basic reading through GED is offered in three (3) hour sessions (morning, afternoon, and night). Studies are at each student’s pace and are open entry, open exit.
Life Skills Program
Offered to all interested inmates. Some are specific sign up courses, and some life skills are provided as part of vocation and academic programs. Programs offered include, Introduction to Computers, Stress Management, Anger Management, Parenting, Family Life and Finances.
Jefferson Community College
Jefferson Community College (JCC) offers a two (2) year Associate of Arts Degree. Correspondence college courses are approved on an individual basis through the Education Administrator and the Deputy Warden of Operations.
This is a pre-release program that lasts approximately 15 weeks in duration. Areas covered in the program are team building, communication, stress management, anger management, problem solving, values, time management and life planning.
Mental Health Services
Modified Therapeutic Community (Substance Abuse Program)
The Division of Mental Health Substance Abuse Program is based on a form of a treatment know as a modified therapeutic community (TC). The concept for this type of program comes from research that shows that a group living together, moving towards a common goal, and isolated as much as possible from negative influences, can achieve more than other types of programs aimed at modifying behavior. All staff associated with the program are trained in how their behavior can help participants achieve their stated goals of moving toward permanent sobriety and recovery. Additionally, all inmates will learn how to appropriately interact within an interpersonal context so that they will no longer alienate those who may provide valuable assistance in reintegrating into society. The overall atmosphere that exits within the program is one in which all staff and participants seek to notice and encourage positive change (catching someone doing something right) instead of only noticing negative behavior. Additionally, it has been shown that encouragement and support of peers is just as valuable as feedback from staff in promoting proper attitudes and behavior change.
This type of program differs from most residentially based corrections programs in that it requires participants to adopt a “brothers keeper” focus and attitude. This means that instead of someone minding their own business while being aware of another’s rule violations and doing nothing that the person will actively bring to the wrong doers attention the infraction being committed. Therefore, the rule violator will have a new awareness of their behavior and have a chance to correct things before more serious consequences could be generated. Additionally, inmates are taught that one individual’s behavior will have consequences for the whole community since others in the community generally have an awareness of what is going on around them and they have a responsibility to stop behavior that can threaten the safety and integrity of the whole community.
This type of program differs in that most of the “treatment” occurs in groups and meetings instead of classes. Passive learning in a classroom has it’s place but more effective growth occurs through active and participation in the program.
This type of program is only successful for those individuals willing to admit that their old way of thinking and behaving will only continue to bring them to prison or lead to death. Extremely criminally minded individuals will not be able to tolerate the expectations of this type of program. The staff actively screen for evidence of this type of attitude and the correlated resistance to change and remove these elements from the program so that those participants who are serious about the program have a safe place to work on the recovery that will keep them sober and free.
The TC program primarily takes Parole Board referrals or those individuals the Board has asked for an evaluation on. Discretionary approval for non-Parole Board referrals rests solely on the Program Director. Applications are filled out by the inmate’s CTO and forwarded directly to the TC program. There are questionnaires for the inmates to fill out that must accompany the application in order for the application to be considered.
The active phases of treatment last approximately six months. There is a pre-orientation phase of treatment where an assessment of the inmate occurs in making sure they are appropriate additions to the treatment community. The inmate will have to participate in community functions and complete certain tasks prior to being approved for active treatment. Therefore, total time in treatment may be seven (7) to eight (8) months or more.
Inmates who see the Parole Board before graduation do not sign any waivers. However, the responsibility for graduating rests with the individual inmate. Parole is NOT GUARANTEED, but the program does have a consistently high parole rate.
Graduates from the TC program will participate in six months to one year of community level aftercare. The Parole Board mandates this participation and the individual risks revocation for not complying with aftercare. Aftercare typically consists of outpatient or intensive outpatient programming plus mandatory AA/NA meetings. This compliance is monitored by an aftercare coordinator who is a separate person from the parole officer.
Sex Offender Treatment Program (SOTP)
The Sex Offender Treatment Program (SOTP), as established by KRS 197.400-197.440 in July of 1986 provides sexual offenders, who are amenable to treatment, with resources to prevent further sexual offenses. Luther Luckett Correctional Complex (LLCC) is one of four institutions in Kentucky that offers SOTP. Law limits the program at LLCC to capacity of no more than 150 participants at any given time. Treatment is done in group sessions of no more than 8 to 12 clients per group, meeting for 1 1/2 hours each week. Each participant is expected to attend and participate in every session. This includes speaking actively as a member of the group, accepting full responsibility for sexually abusive behavior, keeping the confidentiality of all group members and completing all assignments.
If an inmate wants to apply to SOTP, he needs to:
Have his CTO send a referral for him, even those individuals who have been seen for the screening interviews held at the Roederer Correctional Complex Assessment Center.
Be within three years of eligibility to meet with the Parole Board. If his parole hearing date has been passed while he is in treatment, the board is notified when he has completed treatment and he will be seen at the next available date that the board meets.
Whenever it becomes necessary for SOTP to maintain a waiting list, the applicants are taken into the program by order of which their referrals are received.
Additional legislation will be of interest to individuals convicted of sex offenses. A bill passed in 1992 requires that individuals convicted of a sexual offense shall have a sample of blood taken by the Department of Corrections for DNA law enforcement identification purposes before leaving the institution where they are incarcerated.
A bill passed in 1994 and 1998 requires that “ALL” individuals convicted of a sex offense shall register a home address prior to release from the institution. Registered offender in the Commonwealth of Kentucky fall into two categories:
Lifetime Registrants-address verified every 90 days
10 Year Registrants-address verified annually
Failure to comply with the statutes may result in prosecution and sentencing.
There are several types of counseling available to the inmate population. Unit Staff will assist in day-to-day guidance and counseling and refer inmates to other programs as appropriate.
The Mental Health Division provides a specialized Sex Offender Treatment Program and a Substance Abuse Program. It should be noted that, according to statute, sex offenders convicted of crimes committed on or after July 15, 1986 are required to successfully complete a Sex Offender Program in order to be released by parole (KRS 439.340).
Psychiatric Outpatient Clinic is available for inmates on a referral basis. Inmates released from inpatient status are encouraged to maintain contact through the outpatient clinic and advise them of any problems with medication.
The Luther Luckett Correctional Complex Psychology Department is staffed by one Licensed Psychologist and one Licensed Psychology Associate. The General Services Department provides mental health services for the 1100 bed medium security correctional facility. Responsibilities include supervising certified psychologists and practicum students, program development and optimization, staff training, intake screening interviews of new arrivals, psychiatric referrals, evaluation for referrals to mental health units, evaluation for referrals to specialized treatment planning. Patient population includes a broad range of Axis I and Axis II diagnoses. Presenting problems include anxiety, depression, suicidality, anger management, HIV+ diagnosis, chronic pain, sleep disorders, sex offenses, family of origin issues, relationship issues, early childhood abuse, and substance abuse.